Sleep And Health

Sleep And Health


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This is the first textbook for the field of Sleep Health. It is geared towards sleep experts and non-experts interested in learning more about how sleep is related to many aspects of health.

Buy it on the Academic Press / Elsevier website directly or on Amazon. List price is $150 for the full textbook, but discounts are often available. Intersted in using this book for a class or seminar? Interested in a signed copy? Any other questions? Contact Dr. Grandner.

This is not a self-help book about sleep. This is an academic textbook about how sleep is related to health across a wide range of topics.

Sleep and Health provides an accessible yet comprehensive overview of the relationship between sleep and health at the individual, community and population levels, as well as a discussion of the implications for public health, public policy and interventions. Based on a firm foundation in many areas of sleep health research, this text further provides introductions to each sub-area of the field and a summary of the current research for each area. This book serves as a resource for those interested in learning about the growing field of sleep health research, including sections on social determinants, cardiovascular disease, cognitive functioning, health behavior theory, smoking, and more.

This book includes over 500 pages, divided into 9 sections and 37 chapters, covering a wide range of topics. It brings together experts from 41 different institutions, from 4 continents.


Table of Contents

Part I: General Concepts in Sleep Health

1. The basics of sleep physiology and behavior
Andrew S. Tubbs, Hannah K. Dollish, Fabian Fernandez, Michael A. Grandner
University of Arizona

This brief introductory chapter will be aimed at the non-sleep researcher and will provide a basic overview of the concepts that will repeatedly show up throughout the book. These will include basic sleep physiology (sleep/wake regulation, sleep architecture, sleep continuity, 2-process model) and sleep measurement (polysomnography, actigraphy, sleep diaries, and questionnaires).

2. Epidemiology of insufficient sleep and poor sleep quality
Michael A. Grandner
University of Arizona

This chapter will describe the population trends related to insufficient sleep and sleep disturbances in the general population. The prevalence of insufficient sleep and poor sleep quality will be described, as will how these break down by major demographic groups.

3. Sex differences in sleep health
Jessica Meers, Jacqueline Stout-Aguilar, Sara Nowakowski
University of Texas Medical Branch / University of Houston

This chapter will specifically focus on sex differences in sleep health, examining male/female differences in sleep across the lifespan. Particular attention will be paid to sleep issues that disproportionately affect men (e.g., sleep apnea) and women (e.g., menopause).

4. Sleep and health in older adults
Junxin Li, Nalaka S. Gooneratne
Johns Hopkins University / University of Pennsylvania

This chapter will focus on the relationship between sleep and age. The changes that occur to sleep in the normal aging process will be reviewed, as will increased risk for poor sleep associated with older age.

5. Social-ecological model of sleep health
Michael A. Grandner
University of Arizona

This chapter will introduce and describe the Social-Ecological model of sleep health. This model, provides a framework for understanding sleep in the context of both downstream health effects and upstream determinants.

Part II: Contextual factors related to sleep

6. Race, socioeconomic position and sleep
Natasha Williams, Girardin Jean-Louis, Judite Blanc, Douglas M. Wallace
New York University / University of Miami

Many previous studies have shown that racial/ethnic minorities and socioeconomically disadvantaged populations are more likely to experience poor sleep. This chapter will summarize that literature and provide possible explanations for this.

7. Neighborhood factors associated with sleep health
Lauren Hale, Sarah James, Qian Xiao, Martha E. Billings, Dayna A. Johnson
Stony Brook University / Princeton University / University of Iowa / Harvard University

This chapter will review the role of neighborhood factors as they relate to sleep. This will include the roles of social capital, the built environment, violence and crime, and other neighborhood-level factors.

8. The impact of environmental exposures on sleep
Chandra L. Jackson, Symielle A. Gaston
National Institute of Environmental Health Science / National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities

This chapter will describe various environmental exposures that can directly or indirectly impact on sleep. These could include light, noise, temperature, humidity, pollution, and chemical exposures.

Part III: Addressing sleep health at the community and population level

9. Obstacles to overcome when improving sleep health at a societal level
Michael A. Grandner
University of Arizona

This chapter will address challenges and opportunities when trying to bring sleep health to the population level. This will address the barriers that people face when trying to achieve healthy sleep and what the components of a sleep health intervention should be.

10. Screening for sleep disorders
Catherine A. McCall, Nathaniel F. Watson
University of Washington

Screening for sleep disorders can occur at a number of levels, including basic questionnaires, home-based diagnostic studies, or laboratory-based measures. This chapter will provide an overview of how most sleep disorders are screened for and diagnosed and can serve as a basic reference for anyone looking to initiate a sleep screening program.

11. Sleep hygiene and the prevention of chronic insomnia
Jason G. Ellis, Sarah F. Allen
Northumbria University

Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder, but prevention of chronic insomnia is possible. This chapter will talk about how to maintain healthy sleep habits and prevent the development of insomnia.

12. Actigraphic sleep tracking and wearables: Historical context, scientific applications and guidelines, limitations, and considerations for commercial sleep devices
Michael A. Grandner, Mary E. Rosenberger
University of Arizona / Stanford University

There are many commercially-available “sleep trackers” on the market and more every day. This chapter will discuss how to evaluate these devices for usefulness and accuracy.

13. Mobile technology, sleep, and circadian disruption
Cynthia K. Snyder, Anne-Marie Chang
Penn State University

Smartphones and other mobile technology has entered the bedrooms of the majority of US adults. These devices, though, may impact sleep in a number of ways. This chapter will address the current literature and propose solutions.

14. Models and theories of behavior change relevant to sleep health
Adam P. Knowlden
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa

In considering wider public health implications of sleep health, it is useful to examine sleep in the context of other health behavior frameworks. This chapter will introduce these, including the health belief model, integrated behavior model, behavioral economics, transtheoretical model, and others.

Part IV: Sleep duration and cardiometabolic disease risk

15. Insufficient sleep and obesity
Andrea M. Spaeth
Rutgers University

Over the past decade, many studies have shown that insufficient sleep is associated with obesity risk. This chapter will describe that literature, including both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies. It will also address potential mechanisms.

16. Insufficient sleep and cardiovascular disease risk
Sogol Javaheri, Omobimpe Omobomi, Susan Redline
Harvard University

This chapter will address the links between insufficient sleep and cardiovascular disease risk. In particular, this chapter will address blood pressure / hypertension, cholesterol, coronary disease, vascular disease, heart attack, and stroke risk.

17. Sleep health and diabetes: The role of sleep duration, subjective sleep, sleep disorders, and circadian rhythms on diabetes
Azizi A. Seixas, Rebecca Robbins, Alicia Chung, Collin Popp, Tiffany Donley, Samy I. McFarlane, Jesse Moore, Girardin Jean-Louis
New York University / SUNY Downstate

This chapter will address the links between insufficient sleep and diabetes risk. Population trends and laboratory studies will be discussed. The role of sleep loss in insulin resistance, metabolic hormone disruption, and pancreatic function will be addressed.

18. Social jetlag, circadian disruption, and cardiometabolic disease risk
Susan Kohl Malone, Maria A. Mendoza, Freda Patterson
New York University / University of Delaware

This chapter will introduce the concepts of circadian disruption and social jetlag. It will also discuss how these factors interact with sleep loss to adversely impact on health.

Part V: Sleep and behavioral health

19. Sleep and food intake
Isaac Smith, Katherine Saed, Marie-Pierre St-Onge
Columbia University

This chapter will address how sleep loss may impact food intake. Both laboratory and population studies will be addressed, showing that sleep loss leads to unhealthy dietary patterns.

20. Sleep and exercise
Christopher E. Kline
University of Pittsburgh

This chapter will address the relationship between sleep and exercise. The role of exercise on improving sleep will be discussed, as will the impact on poor sleep on ability to exercise. The role of sleep and sedentary behavior will also be discussed.

21. Sleep and alcohol use
Sean He, Brittany V. Taylor, Nina P. Thakur, Subhajit Chakravorty
University of Pennsylvania / Philadelphia VA

This chapter will discuss the physiologic effects of alcohol on sleep. It will also address the how alcohol can cause insomnia and the role of insomnia in alcoholism.

22. Improved sleep as an adjunctive treatment for smoking cessation
Freda Patterson, Rebecca Ashare
University of Delaware / Temple University

Smoking is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the population, and is also related to sleep. This chapter will discuss how smoking can cause poor sleep, and how poor sleep may lead to increased smoking.

23. Sleep and the impact of caffeine, supplements, and other stimulants
Ninad S. Chaudhary, Priyamvada M. Pitale, Favel L. Mondesir
University of Alabama at Birmingham / University of Utah

Many people use caffeine or other substances to alleviate the adverse effects of sleep loss. This chapter will address this phenomenon, discuss how these substances impact on sleep, and consider impacts on public health.

24. Sleep, stress, and immunity
Aric A. Prather
University of California, San Francisco

Many studies have shown that not only is sleep critical for immune function, but that sleep loss results in a pro-inflammatory state. This chapter will address how this may play a role in health and disease.

Part VI: Sleep loss and neurocognitive function

25. Sleep loss and impaired vigilant attention
Mathias Basner
University of Pennsylvania

Many laboratory studies have shown that sleep loss impairs vigilant attention. This chapter will describe that work and extend those findings to field and other real-world settings such as accidents/injuries, drowsy driving, medical errors, etc.

26. Sleep loss, executive function, and decision-making
Brieann C. Satterfield, William D.S. Killgore
University of Arizona

Sleep loss has also been shown in laboratory studies to impair decision making and other aspects of executive function. This chapter will address those findings and discuss how they may be implicated in real-world and population health settings.

27. Sleep and healthy decision making
Kelly Glazer Baron, Elizabeth Culnan
University of Utah / Rush University

Cardiometabolic heath involves more than just physiologic process, but also decisions. For example, when to exercise, what foods to eat or avoid, etc. The previous chapters addressed neurocognitive and cardiometabolic risks in isolation, but this chapter will consider how impacts on cognitive function and decision making may play a role in health by impairing healthy decisions.

Part VII: Public health implications of sleep disorders

28. Insomnia and psychiatric disorders
Ivan Vargas, Sheila N. Garland, Jacqueline D. Kloss, Michael L. Perlis
University of Pennsylvania / Memorial University

Insomnia Disorder is a major risk factor for common psychiatric disorders, including depression and anxiety disorders. This chapter will provide an overview of the relationship and suggest mechanisms.

29. Insomnia and cardiometabolic disease risk
Julio Fernandez-Mendoza
Penn State University

In addition to psychiatric risks, insomnia also carries cardiometabolic risks. Insomnia plays a role in stress and other symptoms that can worsen blood pressure, inflammation, weight management, etc. This chapter will provide an overview of this evidence.

30. Sleep apnea and cardiometabolic disease risk
Andrew Kitcher, Atul Malhotra, Bernie Sunwoo
University of California, San Diego

Sleep apnea is a well-known cardiometabolic disease risk factor. This chapter will present this evidence from a population health perspective, discussing incidence, prevalence, links with cardiovascular outcomes, and benefits of treatment.

Part VIII: Sleep health in children and adolescents

31. Sleep, obesity and cardiometabolic disease in children and adolescents
Teresa Arora, Ian Grey
Zayed University / Lebanese American University

Many studies have shown that cardiometabolic risks associated with poor sleep are even more pronounced in children and adolescents. This chapter will summarize this evidence and discuss implications for public health.

32. Sleep and mental health in children and adolescents
Michelle A. Short, Kate Bartel, Mary A. Carskadon
Flinders University / Brown University

Sleep loss has frequently been shown to impact mental health in children and adolescents. This chapter will describe this literature and how it may play a role in developmental psychopathology.

33. Delayed school start times and adolescent health
Aaron T. Berger, Rachel Widome, Wendy M. Troxel
University of Minnesota / RAND Corporation

A major public health initiative that attempts to improve health and well-being among adolescents has been the movement to delay school start times in middle and high school. This chapter will discuss the results of the research in this area and policy implications.

Part IX: Economic and public policy implications of sleep health

34. Sleep health and the workplace
Soomi Lee, Chandra L. Jackson, Rebecca Robbins, Orfeu M. Buxton
Penn State University / University of South Florida / National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences / New York University

Sleep schedules in the real world are often impacted by work schedules. This includes commute times, shift schedules, and workplace factors. This chapter will discuss how workplaces impact sleep and how workplace interventions can improve sleep.

35. Sleep health equity
Judite Blanc, Jao Nunes, Natasha Williams, Rebecca Robbins, Azizi A. Seixas, Girardin Jean-Louis
New York University / City College of New York

Health equity represents a major focus for public policy. It addressed the systematic inequalities that lead certain groups of people to have worse health outcomes and healthcare access. This chapter will address the historical context of sleep in this work and propose policy approaches to bridge sleep science and health equity policy.

36. Obstructive sleep apnea in commercial motor vehicle operators
Indira Gurubhagavatula, Aesha M. Jobanputra, Miranda Tan
University of Pennsylvania / Robert Wood Johnson University / Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Commercial drivers are at high risk of sleep apnea and other sleep problems. This chapter will describe this issue and discuss policy initiatives for reducing crash risk among drivers.

37. Sleep health as an issue of public safety
Matthew D. Weaver, Laura K. Barger
Harvard University

Sleep health is also a matter of public safety. Police officers, fire fighters, doctors, nurses, and others who society entrusts with their safety are often sleep deprived. This chapter will discuss the findings in these domains and address possible solutions.

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